Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP): PrEP is a pill, Truvada, that contains two medications (tenofovir and emtricitabine) that are used to treat HIV but when taken before infection can also prevent infection. If taken before exposure to HIV, PrEP can prevent the virus from fully infecting your body. PrEP does not prevent other STD infections of bacterial origins (syphilis, gonorrhea, Chlamydia) nor does it prevent hepatitis C, skin, or heart infections.
Dr. Bruce Rashbaum was an investigator on the PrEP trials and an expert in cutting-edge HIV prevention and treatment efforts. PrEP is recommended for people who are at high-risk for HIV-infection including:
Gay or Bisexual Men that have unprotected anal sex with multiple partners
Hetero Sexual Men and women who have unprotected sex with high risk partners
Sex with people who inject drugs or are HIV positive
In order to be efficacious, PrEP must be taken every day. It can reduce the risk of infection by 90%. However, if not taken properly there is much less protection from infection. If used with other forms of protection, it makes the odds of HIV transmission much lower.