Hypertension is an extremely common medical condition that can affect the cardiovascular system and other organs.
In fact, half of all American adults have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, though they may have been unaware of the issue for some time. That’s because hypertension is often asymptomatic until it reaches a critical point.
Therefore, it’s essential that patients are aware of the causes and symptoms of hypertension and that they have routine check-ups with blood pressure measurements.
What Is Hypertension?
Hypertension is elevated blood pressure that is calculated based on the amount of blood passing through vessels and the amount of resistance it encounters from a pumping heart.
When left undiagnosed and untreated, hypertension can damage blood vessels and vital organs within the body, including the brain, kidneys, heart, and eyes.
What Are Common Symptoms of High Blood Pressure?
By the time many patients feel the effects of hypertension, the condition has become severe. What’s more, symptoms of high blood pressure can often be nonspecific and subsequently dismissed or attributed to other health-related issues.
Nevertheless, patients should be aware that headaches, shortness of breath nosebleeds, flushing, dizziness, chest pain, visual changes, and blood in the urine can all be indicative of severe hypertension that requires immediate medical attention.
What Are the Causes of Primary (Essential) Hypertension?
Primary hypertension, also known as essential hypertension, occurs gradually and does not have a distinguishable cause.
However, there are certain factors that can make men and women more prone to this type of high blood pressure, including hereditary, physical changes to other parts of the body, obesity, unhealthy eating habits, and a sedentary lifestyle.
What Are the Causes of Secondary Hypertension?
Comparatively, secondary hypertension has a more acute onset and can be the result of one or more of the following:
Kidney disease, obstructive sleep apnea, congenital heart defects, thyroid issues, medication side effects, illegal drug use, alcohol abuse, adrenal gland problems and certain endocrine tumors.
To learn more about the symptoms and causes of hypertension, please call our office today to schedule a check-up.